Gastrointestinal manifestations of epidermolysis bullosa in
An 11 yr old child with histologically proven diagnosis of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) presented with progressively increasing dysphagia for solids for 2 years. There was no history of caustic ingestion or drug intake. He was malnourished and had generalised extensive cutaneous scarring, blistering, and erosions with haemorrhagic incrustation, irregular dentition with enamel defects, microstomia and dystrophic nails.

An oral contrast study showed a persistent concentric narrowing at the level of cricopharyngeus with delayed gastric emptying beyond eight hours, suggestive of esophageal and pyloric stenosis. He was started on peripheral parenteral nutrition and a gentle esophageal dilatation was attempted during flexible endoscopy but of no avail.

Gastrostomy with gastrojejunostomy was planned and the risk of restenosis at the anastomotic site was explained to the attendants; however, they took the child away against medical advice. Esophageal webs, stricture and hiatal hernia are the manifestations of upper gastrointestinal involvement in DEB.

Treatment options for esophageal stenosis include endoscopic fluoroscopic-guided balloon dilatation, steroids, hyperalimentation and oesophageal replacement as a last resort.

Although neonatal pyloric atresia and stenosis are reported to occur in junctional EB, gastric outlet obstruction in an older child, as reported here, is unusual.

Source: https://icmr.nic.in/ijmr/2018/March/clinical_image1.pdf
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