Gender-based disparities in burn injuries, care and outcomes
Females may sustain more severe burn injuries than males globally. Disparities may exist in burn injury surgical care and outcomes by sex. Gender disparities are more apparent in low- and middle-income country scenarios.

Researchers aimed to describe the gender-based disparities in burn injury patterns, care received, and mortality across national income levels.

In the WHO Global Burn Registry (GBR), they compared patient demographics, injury characteristics, care, and outcomes by sex using Chi-square statistics. Logistic regression was used to identify the associations of patient sex with surgical treatment and in-hospital mortality.

- Among 6431 burn patients (38?% female; 62?% male), females less frequently received surgical treatment during the index hospitalization and more frequently died in-hospital than males.

- Odds of in-hospital death were 2.16 times higher among females compared to males in middle-income countries.

Across national income levels, there appear to be important gender-based disparities among burn injury epidemiology, treatment received, and outcomes that require redress.

The American Journal of Surgery