Giant cell carcinoma of the lung presenting as an isolated c
Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinomas (PSCs) are rare tumors within the sarcomatoid carcinoma group. Giant cell carcinoma of the lung (GCCL) is a rare type of PSCs that consists entirely of highly pleomorphic tumor giant cells; the prognosis is poor.

A patient presented with a single cyst and was diagnosed with GCCL. The patient was a 59-year-old male who was admitted to the hospital with a cough. A chest computerized tomography (CT) scan showed a single, thin-walled cyst containing air in the left upper lobe of the lung. Bronchoscopy revealed chronic bronchitis. The initial diagnosis was pulmonary infection and the patient was treated with antibiotics. The cyst wall increased in thickness, and the cyst eventually formed a cavity.

The patient underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and 4 cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin and docetaxel. After 9 months, the patient occurred mediastinal lymph node metastasis, and received radiotherapy (60Gy/30F). His prognosis was good without progression (complete response) based on serial CT scans over 9 months of follow-up evaluations, then the patient occurred mediastinal lymph node metastasis. The patient lived during 30 months of follow-up, after which he was lost to follow-up.

Source: Medicine: May 2019 - Volume 98 - Issue 20 - p e15689

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