Giant retinal pigment epithelial tear associated with fluid
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The aim of this study was to report a case of a giant retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tear associated with fluid overload in a patient with diabetic macular edema (DME) and kidney disease. A 60-year-old man with type 2 diabetes mellitus and end-stage diabetic kidney disease who had gained weight because of fluid overload complained of a visual disturbance in the left eye that had started a few days earlier. The left fundus showed an RPE defect in two temporal quadrants under an extensive serous retinal detachment (SRD) with exacerbation of the original DME. Seven days later, he was admitted for severe edema and pleural effusion. No overt signs of congestive heart failure were noted. On admission, the RPE defect had markedly widened to involve the macula. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography images showed substantial intraretinal fluid and an extensive SRD with rolled edges of the retinal pigment epithelium, which led to the diagnosis of an RPE tear.

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