India’s largest eye care provider, Aravind Eye Hospital, has been quietly working for over four years with Google on a project to use artificial intelligence (AI) in ophthalmology. Lily Peng, the product manager at Google, released a research paper at the 2017 WIRED Business Conference that stated Google had finished a clinical study in India, while at the TensorFlow Dev Summit this year, Peng had mentioned that Google’s machine learning algorithm was very close to an ophthalmologist in terms of performance. The CMO at Aarvind Eye Hospital also mentioned about the hospital working on a semi-automated diabetic retinopathy screening since 2003. With AI it will be possible to grade diabetic retinopathy and also the future possibility of early identification of Glaucoma and ARMD (age-related macular degeneration) as the conditions which are treatable in early stages and not in later stages. Google is not the only tech giant working on using AI to prevent blindness.