Govt Urges States To Make Black Fungus Notifiable Disease Un
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The Union health ministry has urged the states and Union territories to make black fungus or mucormycosis a notifiable disease under the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897, stating that the infection is leading to prolonged morbidity and mortality among Covid-19 patients. In a letter, the ministry said, a new challenge in the form of mucormycosis has emerged and has been reported among Covid-19 patients in many states.

"This fungal infection is leading to prolonged morbidity and mortality among COVID-19 patients," Joint Secretary in the ministry Lav Agarwal said in the letter. The treatment of this infection requires a multi-disciplinary approach consisting of eye surgeons, ENT specialists, general surgeons, neurosurgeons and dental maxillofacial surgeons, among others, and the institution of the Amphotericin-B injection as an antifungal medicine.

Indian Medical Association (IMA) has written to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, urging him to allow the eligible pharmaceutical companies to manufacture Amphotericin-B in the country. Patients who are either diabetic or immunocompromised need to take steroids as per the treatment protocols, the IMA said in its letter.

It is an acute angioinvasive fungal disease that needs emergency treatment with local debridement and systemic Amphotericin-B drugs, it said. The IMA highlighted that though last year, the DCGI had given permission to a few Indian pharmaceutical firms to manufacture Amphotericin-B, it was withdrawn subsequently.

Health Minister Harsh Vardhan cautioned people on May19 against an excessive use of steroids. The health ministry last week said the disease is being detected among patients who are recovering or have recovered from Covid-19. Moreover, anyone who is diabetic and whose immune system is not functioning well needs to be on the guard against it.

In addition, Covid patients undergoing oxygen therapy in the ICU, where a humidifier is used, are prone to fungal infections because of exposure to moisture. The disease is uncommon in those not having diabetes but can be fatal if not treated promptly. The chances of recovery depend upon early diagnosis and treatment.

Source:
https://health.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/policy/govt-urges-states-to-make-black-fungus-notifiable-disease-under-epidemic-diseases-act/82818590
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