The Union Health Ministry on Tuesday issued guidelines on the rational use of personal protective equipment (PPE) which is being used by healthcare workers and others working at quarantine centers, hospitals, and laboratories.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) is a protective gear designed to safeguard the health of workers by minimizing the exposure to a biological agent. Components of PPE are goggles, face-shield, mask, gloves, coverall/gowns (with or without aprons), headcover and shoe cover.
The guidelines issued by the ministry mention the functions of PPE and how it prevents one from contracting the infection in different settings.
Explaining the mode of transmission of the pathogen, the ministry said there is clear evidence of human-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2.
"It is thought to be transmitted mainly through respiratory droplets that get generated when people cough, sneeze or exhale. SARS-CoV-2 also gets transmitted by touching, by direct touch and through contaminated surfaces or objects and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes. Healthcare-associated infection by SARS-CoV-2 virus has been documented among healthcare workers in many countries," it said.
"The people most at risk of COVID-19 infection are those who are in close contact with a suspect/confirmed COVID-19 patient or who care for such patients," it added.
Note: Complete guidelines on the rational use of Personal Protective Equipment is attached as pdf.