Health-promotion and health-harming behaviors in pregnant wo
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The findings of this study highlight the significant roles of coping strategies, anxiety, and depression for predicting healthy or unhealthy behaviors of pregnant women.

The study aimed to examine whether psychological factors including anxiety, depression, and coping strategies could predict the health promotion and health-harm behaviors of pregnant women.

In a cross-sectional study 200 pregnant women with singleton pregnancies, older than 18 years, and with at least 5 years of education were enrolled. The participants completed four questionnaires during their prenatal care appointments. The questionnaires included the prenatal health behavior scale (PHBS), Revised Prenatal Coping Inventory (NU-PCI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and State-Anxiety Inventory.

- The results revealed that planning-preparation coping was a strong positive independent variable associated with healthy behaviors. It was negatively associated with unhealthy behaviors.

- Anxiety was significantly associated negatively with healthy behaviors. Depression was the strongest positive independent variable correlated with health-harming behavioral/nutrition.

- Finally, avoidance coping was significant for health-harming physical activity.

The findings implied that pregnant women who use more adaptive coping strategies, especially planning- preparing coping, reported lower levels of anxiety/depression and engaged more in healthy behaviors.

Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Source: https://doi.org/10.1080/01443615.2021.1910634
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