Hepatic artery aneurysm causing gastrointestinal haemorrhage
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True hepatic artery aneurysms (HAAs) are rare, and when complicated by gastrointestinal haemorrhage, it becomes an even rarer disease entity. The mortality is high and imaging may fail to provide the diagnosis. This article presents a case of a true hepatic artery aneurysm complicated by a fistula to the duodenum which was first recognised during surgery.

Presentation of case
A 77-year-old man presented with upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. Upper endoscopy revealed an ulceration in the duodenal bulb, which was refractory to endoscopic treatment. Computed tomography and angiography did not reveal the source of haemorrhage and as such, the diagnosis was delayed, until laparotomy was performed. Resection of the HAA and graft placement resulted in complete haemostasis...

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