High Output Cardiac Failure Resolving after Repair of AV Fis
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Arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) are anomalous communications between an artery and a vein. These malformations are known to increase cardiac output and have hemodynamic consequences.They can be congenital or acquired. In the pediatric population, the most common cause of an acquired AVF is single or repeated diagnostic or therapeutic arterial or venous punctures. Particularly vulnerable patients include those with multiple medical problems, because of the need for chronic vascular access. A six-month-old 25-week gestation infant was referred for respiratory distress. Initial exam revealed tachypnea, tachycardia, and hypertension.....

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4738936/
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