High-intensity interval training not superior to moderate tr
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Compared with moderate training, high-intensity interval training yielded no significant difference in peak oxygen consumption after 3 months in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction, researchers reported.

Endurance exercise is effective in improving peak oxygen consumption (peak V?o2) in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). However, it remains unknown whether differing modes of exercise have different effects.

This study aimed to determine whether high-intensity interval training, moderate continuous training, and guideline-based advice on physical activity have different effects on change in peak Vo2 in patients with HFpEF.

Randomized clinical trial at 5 sites were conducted. From 532 screened patients, 180 sedentary patients with chronic, stable HFpEF were enrolled. Outcomes were analyzed by core laboratories blinded to treatment groups; however, the patients and staff conducting the evaluations were not blinded.

Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1; n=60 per group) to high-intensity interval training (3×38 minutes/week), moderate continuous training (5×40 minutes/week), or guideline control (1-time advice on physical activity according to guidelines) for 12 months (3 months in clinic followed by 9 months telemedically supervised home-based exercise).

Primary end point was change in peak Vo2 after 3 months, with the minimal clinically important difference set at 2.5 mL/kg/min. Secondary end points included changes in metrics of cardiorespiratory fitness, diastolic function, and natriuretic peptides after 3 and 12 months.

Results:
-- Among 180 patients who were randomized (mean age, 70 years; 120 women [67%]), 166 (92%) and 154 (86%) completed evaluation at 3 and 12 months, respectively.

-- Change in peak Vo2 over 3 months for high-intensity interval training vs guideline control was 1.1 vs 0.6 mL/kg/min (difference, 1.5); for moderate continuous training vs guideline control, 1.6 vs 0.6 mL/kg/min (difference, 2.0); and for high-intensity interval training vs moderate continuous training, 1.1 vs 1.6 mL/kg/min.

-- No comparisons were statistically significant after 12 months.

-- There were no significant changes in diastolic function or natriuretic peptides.

-- Acute coronary syndrome was recorded in 4 high-intensity interval training patients (7%), 3 moderate continuous training patients (5%), and 5 guideline control patients (8%).

Conclusively, among patients with HFpEF, there was no statistically significant difference in change in peak Vo2 at 3 months between those assigned to high-intensity interval vs moderate continuous training, and neither group met the prespecified minimal clinically important difference compared with the guideline control. These findings do not support either high-intensity interval training or moderate continuous training compared with guideline-based physical activity for patients with HFpEF.

Source: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2776199
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