Huge echinococcal cyst
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E. granulosus infection is the most frequent and typically affects the liver creating cysts. Symptoms are unusual unless the cysts become large, were the main complication is rupture, which can cause an anaphylactic reaction that could lead to death. The diagnosis is usually done by ultrasound or computed tomography scan management options for echinococcal cysts include surgery, percutaneous management, drug therapy and observation.A 71-year-old male who lives in an urban area presented with a progressive increase of his abdominal volume with diastasis rectus abdominis. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a 15×8 cm huge cyst in the VI liver segment that infiltrated and dissected the anterior epigastric wall with muscle affectation, these findings were considered compatible with echinococcal disease. On the patient’s history review it was discovered that in 2005 he had two calcified lesions in the right liver lobule and one in the caudate lobe described as inactive echinococcosis. These calcified lesions were unchanged in CT scans done in 2013 to 2016 . Patient was admitted for surgery due to the risk of rupture, histopathology report confirmed the echinococcal disease. The patient did not have a dog and was not in close contact with any herd animals, so an unknown reinfection or reactivation was suspected. Echinococcal disease is caused by infection with the metacestode stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus.....

http://www.edoriumjournals.com/journal-of-case-reports-and-images-in-medicine/archive/2017-archive/100031Z09AS2017-shea/100031Z09AS2017-shea-full-text.php
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