ICMR study finds presence of 'bat coronavirus' in two Indian
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Researchers have found the presence of a different kind of coronavirus -- bat coronavirus (BtCoV) -- in two bat species from Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Puducherry, and Tamil Nadu, according to a first of its study by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).

There is no evidence or research to claim that these bat coronaviruses can cause disease in humans, said Dr. Pragya D Yadav, Scientist at the National Institute of Virology (NIV).

Twenty-five bats of Rousettus and Pteropus species from Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Puducherry, and Tamil Nadu were found positive for BtCoV in Kerala. These bat coronaviruses have no relation with SARS-CoV2 responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic.

"Bats are considered to be the natural reservoir for many viruses, of which some are potential human pathogens. In India, an association of Pteropus medius bats with the Nipah virus was reported in the past. It is suspected that the recently emerged severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) also has its association with bats," the objective of the study titled 'Detection of coronaviruses in Pteropus and Rousettus species of bats from different states of India' stated.

"Although CoVs in the subfamily coronavirinae do not usually produce clinical symptoms in their natural hosts (bats), the accidental transmission of these viruses to humans and other animals may result in respiratory, enteric, hepatic or neurologic diseases of variable severity. It is still not understood as to why only certain CoVs can infect people.

The scientists stressed on the need of proactive surveillance of zoonotic infections in bats. The detection and identification of such viruses from bats also recommends cross-sectional antibody surveys (human and domestic animals) in localities where the viruses have been detected.

Elaborating on the study, Dr. Yadav said throat and rectal swab samples of two bat species -- Rousettus and Pteropus -- from seven states were screened for the bat coronavirus during which the representative samples collected from Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Puducherry, and Tamil Nadu tested positive while those from Karnataka, Chandigarh, Punjab, Telengana, Gujarat and Odisha came out negative.

The reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests and sequencing were used for the confirmation of the findings.

Source: https://www.livemint.com/news/india/icmr-study-finds-presence-of-bat-coronavirus-in-two-indian-bat-species-11586920131521.html
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A●●●●●●●●●r R●●●y and 3 others like this2 shares
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Dr. V●●●●●●j D●●●i
Dr. V●●●●●●j D●●●i Legal Medicine
It is time to take opinions of vets also.
Apr 15, 2020Like1
Dr. V●●●●●●j D●●●i
Dr. V●●●●●●j D●●●i Legal Medicine
I said that it is time to take opinion of vets also, not just to know whether COVID is transmissible from some SPECIFIC ANIMAL SPECIES but to consider ISOLATING & QUARANTINING OF THE REQUIRED CATEGORIES.
Apr 15, 2020Like1