Iatrogenic Kaposi sarcoma of the terminal ileum following sh
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a mesenchymal neoplasm associated with human herpes virus-8. It is often found in patients with primary or secondary immunodeficiency. An iatrogenic form of KS is detectable in patients who have received immunosuppressive therapy. To date, there are few reported cases of patients with KS treated with immunosuppressants for inflammatory bowel disease.

Medicine: May 2019 - Volume 98 - Issue 20 - p e15714 reports the case of a 45-year-old young woman with abdominal pain, episodic diarrhea and a mild weight loss. The patient was treated with immunosuppressive therapy for a parietal thickening of the terminal ileum, wrongly diagnosed as Crohn disease. After 9 months after the beginning of antitumor necrosis factor-α, the patient was admitted for obstructive symptoms. A computed tomography suspected neoplasia of ileocecal region. The patient underwent an uneventful ileocecal surgical resection.

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