Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs superior to codeine for managing
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen provide better pain control and have fewer adverse effects than codeine, a commonly prescribed opioid, when prescribed after outpatient surgery, according to new research published in CMAJ.

The researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 40 high-quality RCTs involving more than 5100 adults to compare pain levels and safety of medications containing codeine, such as Tylenol #3, with NSAIDs. Patients who took NSAIDs had lower pain scores at 6 and 12 hours after treatment than patients taking codeine.

"We found that patients randomized to NSAIDs following outpatient surgical procedures reported better pain scores, better global assessment scores, fewer adverse effects and no difference in bleeding events, compared with those receiving codeine," write the authors.

Codeine is widely used for postoperative pain management. However, codeine is associated with a range of adverse effects and potential misuse or addiction. Alternatives such as NSAIDs can help reduce opioid use in patients after dental and surgical procedures.

The authors conclude that their findings "strengthen existing evidence and are broadly generalizable to patients across surgical disciplines."

Source: https://www.cmaj.ca/content/193/24/E895
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