Idiopathic Calcification of Infancy-Case Report and Review o
Idiopathic Infantile Arterial calcification of Infancy (IIAC) is one of the rare causes of hypertension in newborns. It is characterized by extensive arterial calcification of large and medium sized arteries and is generally associated with poor prognosis [1]. It is important that physicians be aware of this condition because it can be suspected prenatally and early diagnosis is associated with improvement in survival rates.
We present a case of a preterm infant with pericardial effusion and systemic hypertension along with calcifications detected on prenatal ultrasound (US) and echocardiogram (ECHO).

Case Presentation
A 2.37 kg female was born to a G2P2 female at 33 weeks gestation via cesarean section due to fetal decelerations. Infant was appropriate for gestational age. Initial prenatal US showed polyhydramnios, (Amniotic fluid index of 27.9 cm with the largest pocket measuring 10.1 cm) an echo dense aorta and an isolated pericardial effusion measuring 1.7 cm with no evidence of cardiac structural defects, and a normal middle cerebral artery doppler. Maternal viral serologies were negative for toxoplasmosis, parvovirus, CMV and HSV. Coxsackie antibodies were 1:32 indicative of current or past infection, however no follow up titers were done to establish rising titers....