Idiopathic intracranial hypertension presenting with isolate
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, also known as pseudotumor cerebri, is a disorder characterized by increased intracranial pressure of unclear pathogenesis in the absence of other structural and obstructive lesions that is predominantly, although not exclusively, seen in obese women of childbearing age. Patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension commonly present with a headache, transient visual obscurations, and intracranial noises with some cranial nerves occasionally involved, most commonly CN VI. We report idiopathic intracranial hypertension presenting with isolated complete unilateral facial nerve palsy, as the sole cranial nerve involved, which is a presentation rarely reported in the literature.

A 40-year-old Hispanic woman with a history of obesity and hypertension presented to our emergency department complaining of bifrontal headache for 3 days associated with nausea, vomiting, transient visual disturbances, and a picture of right-sided cranial nerve VII palsy. Her neurologic examination including other cranial nerves was otherwise normal, but a fundus examination revealed bilateral grade II papilledema. Imaging studies ruled out structural and obstructive lesions as possible causes of her symptoms and lumber puncture results were unremarkable except for an increased opening pressure. She was then started on prednisone and acetazolamide. Two days later, she reported a dramatic improvement in both headache and facial nerve palsy.

Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports 2019 13:94

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