Intraoperative aortic endograft placement for an unexpected
Surgical resection of tumors invading the aorta is a challenging procedure. More recently, the use of thoracic aortic endografts has been reported to facilitate en bloc resection of tumors invading the aortic wall. The best treatment option is to keep the procedure separated before lung resection to reduce the risks of bleeding, therefore avoiding adverse consequences for the patient. However, an aortic stent placement before surgery is not mandatory with no clear signs of tumor or atherosclerotic plaque infiltrating the entire aortic wall.

A 72-year-old man came to our Department for a persistent cough. Computed tomography (CT) scan with enhancement showed a mass located in the left upper lobe of the lung with no clear sign of infiltration or calcified plaques along the entire vascular wall. A positron emission tomography with 2-deoxy-2-[fluorine-18] fluoro-d-glucose integrated with computed tomography (PET/CT with 18F-FDG) was positive for hypermetabolic mass with negative lymph node stations bilaterally.

Patient was undergone surgery for major lung resection by left thoracotomy. For an unexpected intraoperative bleeding due to the rupture of a calcified plaque, a stent was placed before proceeding with lung surgery. Patient was persistently stable, discharged after six days from surgery with no morbidities.

Source: International Journal of Surgery case reports

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