Invasive pulmonary mucormycosis: rare presentation with pulm
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Fungi can cause a variety of infectious diseases, including invasive mycosis and non-invasive mycosis, as well as allergic diseases. The different forms of mycosis usually have been described as mutually exclusive, independent entities, with few descriptions of overlapping cases. Here, we describe the first reported case of a patient with the complication of pulmonary eosinophilia in the course of invasive mucormycosis.A 74-year-old Japanese man with asthma-COPD overlap underwent emergency surgery for a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The surgery was successful, but fever and worsening dyspnea appeared and continued from postoperative day (POD) 10. A complete blood count showed leukocytosis with neutrophilia and eosinophilia, and the chest X-ray showed consolidation of the left upper lung at POD 15. We suspected nosocomial pneumonia together with an exacerbation of the asthma-COPD overlap and antibiotics and bronchodilator therapy were initiated. However, the symptoms, eosinophilia and imaging findings deteriorated. We then performed a bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid analysis revealed an increased percentage of eosinophils as well as filamentous fungi...

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