Lower Parasympathetic Activation And Depression Linked To Po
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus exhibited autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction and comorbidities with depressive or anxiety symptoms were related to poor glycemic control. Heart rate variability (HRV) converted from electrocardiogram (ECG) has been used as the ANS index. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) questionnaires were used to assess depressive and anxiety symptoms in 647 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (mean age was 63±10 years, 56 % males). The ECG raw signals were collected from a 5-min sitting and resting baseline and then transformed to HRV indices referring ANS activation. Lower parasympathetic activation and higher depressive symptoms may affect glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1056872722001738?via=ihub
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