Lung involvement in brucellosis
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Brucella, a genus of Gram-negative bacteria is the causative agent of brucellosis. The disease, which can affect many organs and systems, is a major public health issue in developing countries where animal husbandry is a common practice. Brucellosis can involve almost any organ system, such as joint, heart, kidney, and particularly the reticuloendothelial system. Although respiratory system involvement is known, lung involvement is rarely seen. Non-specific clinical findings and complications complicate the diagnosis of brucellosis in patients with lung involvement. A 40-yearold male patient was admitted to our clinic with shortness of breath and fatigue. He had pneumosepsis and hyponatremia with a poor general status. Chest X-ray showed pleural effusion. His medical history revealed brucella 13 years prior. Blood and pleural effusion fluid tested positive for Rose-Bengtal and Wright agglutination tests (1/320). The patient was diagnosed with brucella-related pneumonia and pleural effusion. This report highlights the necessity of careful diagnosis and treatment of brucella-related complications in brucellosis-endemic countries...

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