MRI can detect Ménière disease, finds study
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Ménière disease (MD) is an idiopathic inner ear disorder, and endolymphatic hydrops (EH) being considered to be its pathological basis. Currently, there is no gold standard for diagnosing MD. However, a recent study suggests that MRI by intratympanic gadolinium-based contrast media (GBCM) administration (IT-Gd) offers reliable radiological diagnostic criteria for MD.

This prospective study aimed at investigating the clinical characteristics and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results of patients with MD, and analyzing the relationship between clinical results and MRI findings in MD patients.

--The study shows that the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of MRI were 79.2% and 80.7% respectively.

--Moreover, there was no significant correlation between hearing levels and cochlear grading scores, nor vestibular grading scores.

--The duration of disease was not significantly associated with cochlear or vestibular grading scores.

In particular, IT-Gd MRI offers reliable radiological diagnostic criteria for MD.

Scientific Reports
Source: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-86589-1
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