Management of Ureterolithiasis in a Patient with Crossed Unf
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Crossed renal ectopia is a rare congenital anomaly in which both kidneys are situated on one side and fused together in 85%–90% of cases. The management of urinary calculi in patients with crossed renal ectopia continues to pose challenges to urologists because the aberrant anatomy may make access and clearance of the calculi more difficult to accomplish. The treatment options for these calculi in such situations include extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous lithotomy, and laparoscopy.There have been reports on the effectiveness and safety of ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy for the management of renal calculi. Here, we report a case of inferior crossed renal ectopia without fusion and ureterolithiasis in which the patient was treated successfully by ESWL......

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4923525/
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