Management of mediastinal parathyroid adenoma via minimally
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The most common cause of chronic hypercalcemia is primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). However, owing to the diverse presentation of hypercalcemia, the diagnosis often goes unnoticed culminating as a continuum of recurrence of symptoms. Nephrolithiasis decreased bone mineral density and peptic ulcer disease are the main clinical sequelae. Among the causes of PHPT 80% are caused by parathyroid adenomas (PA). However, only rarely, these adenomas are found ectopically.

Case Presentation:
We present the case of a 66-year-old female with a history of recurrent renal stones and peptic ulcer disease. She was found to have elevated serum calcium and PTH levels. However, subsequent high-resolution CT scan of chest and neck failed to demonstrate any abnormality. Therefore, an anterior planar Technetium-99m-sestamibi (MIBI) scintigraphy scan using a single-tracer was done and it identified ectopic anterior mediastinal parathyroid adenoma. The patient was successfully managed with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and excision of the mass with follow-up calcium level monitoring...

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