Mediterranean diet protects Children from allergic and respi
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The Mediterranean diet (MD) has known health benefits. As part of the PARIS birth cohort follow-up, researchers aimed to investigate the adherence of 8 years old children to the MD and its association with allergic/respiratory morbidity at school age.

The diet was determined using a food frequency questionnaire completed by the parents. Adherence to the MD was assessed using the KIDMED index and the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS). Current allergic diseases (asthma, rhinitis, eczema), lung function indices (FEV1 and FVC), FeNO, and specific IgE levels were calculated during an 8-year health checkup. Associations between levels of adherence to the MD and respiratory/allergic morbidity were examined using multivariable logistic and linear regression models optimized for potential confounders.

--A total of 975 children were included in the present study, 35.6% with low adherence to the MD, 55.7% with moderate adherence, and 8.7% with high adherence according to the KIDMED index.

--High family socioeconomic status, any breastfeeding at 6 months, and consumption of organic food were associated with higher adherence to the MD.

--Compared to low adherence, high adherence was associated with lower risk of asthma and sensitization at 8 years, as well as higher FEV1 and FVC.

In conclusion, this study suggests that a high level of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet can protect children from allergic and respiratory morbidity during their school years. In school-aged children, a healthy diet can help to prevent allergic and respiratory morbidity.