Medullary sponge kidney and testicular dysgenesis syndrome:
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The medullary sponge kidney (MSK), also known as Lenarduzzi's kidney or Cacchi and Ricci's disease from the first Italian authors who described its main features, is an uncommon renal malformation that usually occurs with nephrocalcinosis and urolithiasis. Less frequently urinary acidification, concentration defects of the urine, and precalyceal duct ectasias can be observed. MSK is generally considered to be a congenital disorder even if there is no clear scientific evidence demonstrating the unique congenital nature of the disease. The condition can be associated with other renal and/or extrarenal developmental abnormalities that characterize, in some cases, specific complex genetic syndromes.. We report the case of MSK associated with testicular dysgenesis syndrome (TDS)...

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