Metastatic MEN1 Syndrome Treated with Lutetium-177 – A Case
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Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant endocrine tumour syndrome characterised by three main manifestations: primary hyperparathyroidism (78–94%), gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NETs) (35–78%) and pituitary adenomas (20–65%). For metastatic and inoperable GEP-NETs, there are some interventional and medical therapies. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with Yttrium-90 and Lutetium-177 is one of the important radiotherapies. Herein, this report describe a case of MEN1 syndrome with inoperable metastatic GEP-NETs who had excellent response to the treatment with six cycles of 177 Lu-DOTATATE.

The patient was admitted to the clinic with widening of hands and feet, polyuria, polydipsia, nausea, vomiting and constipation. His laboratory and screening findings were consistent with primary hyperparathyroidism, acromegaly, secondary hypogonadism and central diabetes insipidus. He underwent 3.5 parathyroidectomy and hypophysis adenomectomy. Under treatment with lanreotide and cabergoline, he developed metastatic duodenal NET. PRRT with 177 Lu-DOTATATE was administered in six cycles and an excellent response was displayed without any side effect. In conclusion, the dramatic response of the patient to PRRT with 177 Lu-DOTATATE, described in this case report and recent published articles indicating the beneficial efficacy and limited adverse effects of 177 Lu-DOTATATE, should encourage clinicians to use PRRT for inoperable or metastatic NETs.