Morning BP Surge In Kidney Transplant Recipients Tied To Gra
Among 600 renal transplant recipients, 122 patients who had a history of hypertension and were taking at least one antihypertensive medication were enrolled in the study. Arterial stiffness was measured by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWv), and echocardiographic indices were assessed. 24 h ambulatory blood pressure was monitored for all patients. MBPS was calculated by subtracting morning systolic blood pressure from minimal asleep systolic blood pressure. Mean morning, day time and asleep systolic blood pressure values were 171.2 ± 23.9, 137.9 ± 18.1, and 131.7 ± 18.9, respectively. Nondipper hypertension status was observed in 93 patients. Mean MBPS was 35.6 ± 19.5 mm Hg, means PWv was 6.5 ± 2.0 m/s. Patients with MBPS 35 mm Hg, had significantly lower eGFR and higher proteinuria, PWv. higher left atrium volume and LVMI. Increased morning blood pressure surge is associated with graft dysfunction, increased arterial stiffness and LVMI that contribute to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in renal transplant recipients.