Most Adults Will Get One Dose By October: Govt
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The government plans to maximize coverage of the first dose of Covid vaccination by September-October to ensure a considerable adult population is fully vaccinated or has received at least one dose, by the end of this year. With the increased pace of vaccination and improved supplies, the government is expecting some states to cover a significant proportion of the adult population with one dose by October itself. Coverage in states like UP and TN may take longer.

Since Covishield — which accounts for 87% of the total inoculations so far —is administered with a gap of at least 84 days or 12 weeks, it is likely that full vaccination of eligible population will roll over to next year, an official said. The rate of vaccination, which was 57 lakh a day in August, is expected to go up but may also prove a challenge in terms of meeting the target of full vaccination of the eligible adult population by year-end.

At present, around 52% of the 94 crore adult population is covered with at least one dose. The coverage of the second dose is lower at 15% of the eligible population. Around 49 crores of the shots delivered is first dose jabs. A total of over 63.9 crore doses have been administered so far.

However, officials say, the full vaccination picture will change once a significant proportion of the adult population receives their first dose. Currently, almost 70% of inoculations are the first dose but from October onwards— once the majority of eligible population would have received the initial shot — the proportion of the second dose is expected to increase.

The government is also expecting the second dose coverage to expand faster with improved supplies, particularly that of Covaxin — which also has a relatively smaller gap of four to six weeks between two doses. Some states like Kerala and MP have already covered a significant proportion of the adult population with a first dose and are likely to cover the targeted population by September. Smaller states and UTs are also expected to achieve substantial coverage of the first dose by October.