Neuroscientists modify MRI scanner to study workings of infa
In adults, certain regions of the brain' s visual cortex respond preferentially to specific types of input, such as faces or objects -- but how and when those preferences arise has long puzzled neuroscientists.

One way to help answer that question is to study the brains of very young infants and compare them to adult brains. However, scanning the brains of awake babies in an MRI machine has proven difficult.

Now, neuroscientists at MIT have overcome that obstacle, adapting their MRI scanner to make it easier to scan infants' brains as the babies watch movies featuring different types of visual input. Using these data, the team found that in some ways, the organization of infants' brains is surprisingly similar to that of adults. Specifically, brain regions that respond to faces in adults do the same in babies, as do regions that respond to scenes.