Newborn Infants with skin-to-skin touch with fathers demonst
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Separating infants and their parents after a Caesarean section is still the routine care worldwide. This study investigated three caregiving models on the wakefulness and physiological parameters of full-term infants after an elective Caesarean section.

Newborn infants born in a Chilean public hospital in 2009-12 were randomised to three groups:
-Cot,
-Fathers' arms or skin-to-skin contact with their father. They were assessed at 15-minute intervals,
-From 45 to 120 minutes after the Caesarean section.
Their physiological parameters were measured, and their wakefulness was assessed using the Neonatal Behavioural Assessment Scale.

Results:
95 infants (53% girls) were studied born at a mean gestational age of 38.9 ± 0.9 weeks.
--Heart rates were significantly higher in the skin-to-skin than cot or father's arms groups and showed greater stability over time.
--Wakefulness was initially higher in the skin-to-skin group, but there were no significant differences by the end of the observation.
--There were no differences between the groups in peripheral oxygen saturation. Skin-to-skin contact had no negative impact on the infants.

It was observed that healthy newborn infants born by elective Caesarean section showed stable physiological patterns, temperature, heart rate and peripheral oxygen saturation, when they received three different caregiving models. The father-infant skin-to-skin contact group demonstrated other advantages, and no negative effects were observed. This caregiving model should be supported if mothers and infants need to be separated.

Source: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/apa.15685
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