Ochronotic arthropathy: a rare clinical case
Ochronotic arthropathy is a rare condition found in patients with alkaptonuria that results from the accumulation of ochronotic pigment.

Published in the Oxford Medical Case Reports, the authors present a case of a 65-year-old woman who presented for medical evaluation due to hip and knee chronic pain. The physical and radiographic findings were compatible with an end-stage hip osteoarthritis and knee osteoarthritis.

During total hip arthroplasty it was noticed that the articular capsule and the cartilage of the femoral head were black. In the postoperative period she was diagnosed with alkaptonuria. Later, a total knee arthroplasty was performed and once more the presence of black cartilage was noted.

Learning Points:-
- Alkaptonuria usually appears after age 30 and is usually asymptomatic until the involvement of the spine, hip, knee and shoulder joints.

- Therefore, orthopaedic surgeons must be suspicious of an atypical arthropathy in order to not be overwhelmed during surgery with the presence of darkened cartilage.

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