Paracentral acute middle maculopathy causing vision loss in
The present case has been published in the Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology.

A 79-year-old man presented with unilateral unexplained sudden onset visual loss in the setting of central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Non ischemic CRVO in the right eye (RE) was confirmed on fluorescein angiography.

Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) showed absence of macular edema and hyperreflective band-like lesions in the middle retinal layers of the RE suggesting a diagnosis of paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM).

Patient was observed and after 3 months, best-corrected visual acuity in the RE spontaneously improved from 38 to 56 ETDRS letters. SD-OCT scans showed thinning of the inner nuclear layer of the RE. OCT angiography in the RE revealed a mild attenuation of the vascular flow signal in the superficial capillary plexus and patchy areas of vascular flow void in the deep capillary plexus, as compared to the fellow eye.

Major takeaway:-
- The present case outlines the importance of recognising PAMM as a cause of unexplained visual loss.

- In the setting of a CRVO with sudden vision loss and absence of macular edema, clinicians should pay attention to any hyperreflectivity and/or to thinning of the middle retinal layers on SD-OCT.

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