Patent foramen ovale closure in a patient with vena cava fil
The presence of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is associated with several medical conditions, including cryptogenic left circulation thromboembolism. PFO closure was demonstrated to reduce recurrent ischaemic stroke in patients with prior cryptogenic stroke. The presence of an inferior vena cava filter (IVCF), however, may impede a transfemoral PFO closure procedure.

Authors describe the case of a 50-year-old man with a PFO suffering from ischaemic stroke from paradoxical thromboembolism originating from deep vein thrombosis and requiring an IVCF. After deep vein thrombosis resolution, due to the high risk of stroke recurrences, the patient was recommended PFO closure. IVCF retrieval by the interventional radiologist was first attempted but failed. A transfemoral PFO closure procedure was thus endeavoured with the IVCF in place and was successful. The patient was then discharged in good clinical status and no stroke recurrences were reported at 5?months follow-up.

Albeit an IVCF provides benefit in patients with recurrent thromboembolic events despite adequate anticoagulation therapy, its presence may hinder interventional procedures necessitating delivery systems to advance through the inferior vena cava.

This case reported on a successful PFO closure procedure via a femoral venous access in a patient with an IVCF in place, thus demonstrating the feasibility of advancing delivery systems through an IVCF. As interventional procedures requiring the advancement of delivery systems through the inferior vena cava are becoming increasingly common, the feasibility of IVCF crossing with catheters and delivery systems alike paves the way for novel interventional possibilities.