Pediatric Cryptococcal Lymphadenitis in the Absence of AIDS
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Cryptococcal lymphadenitis occurs commonly as an opportunistic infection in AIDS patients and may be life threatening. Kim et al. reported one case of this infection in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus. This infection has several clinical but nonspecific manifestations, including pneumonia, meningitis, peritonitis, and disseminated infection. Cryptococcal lymphadenitis in the absence of AIDS is extremely rare, and it is difficult to distinguish from other lymphadenopathies such as lymphoma and tuberculosis. In the present case, we describe a pediatric case of cryptococcal lymphadenitis in a patient who did not have AIDS and who presented with multiple cervical and retroperitoneal lymph node enlargements and pulmonary inflammatory lesions. This case was misdiagnosed as lymphoma, and the final diagnosis was confirmed by cervical lymph node excisional biopsy....

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3687590/
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