Pediatric idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis: a case report
Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is a very rare disease that is even rarer in the pediatric population. Even less common are idiopathic pediatric cases of retroperitoneal fibrosis, with a majority of reported pediatric retroperitoneal fibrosis cases being associated with secondary etiologies.

Published in the journal Radiology Case Reports, the authors present a case of an 11-year-old female who was diagnosed with idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to work-up severe bilateral hydronephrosis that was identified with retroperitoneal ultrasound.

Case highlights:-
- Given the uncommon nature of this serious condition, the authors present this case to illustrate the importance for physicians to include retroperitoneal fibrosis in the differential diagnosis of a pediatric patient presenting with obstructive urinary findings

- The case also emphasizes the utility of using MRI to diagnosis and monitor this disease.

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