Pedicle-screw rod fixation on oblique lumbar interbody fusio
A Study was conducted to investigate the radiological and clinical outcomes of patients with or without pedicle-screw rod fixation (PSRF) in OLIF surgery.

66 consecutive patients who underwent OLIF surgery at two centers were divided into stand-alone and combined groups according to whether or not PSRF was used. Imaging and clinical data were collected preoperatively, postoperatively, 3 and 6 months postoperatively, and at the last follow-up. Related coefficient and multiple linear regression analysis was used to detect the influencing factors of cage subsidence (CS).

--There was a lower baseline BMD in the combined group. The combined group showed superior VAS score at 3 months postoperatively, although there was no difference in long-term VAS and ODI scores between the two groups.

--The foraminal height (FH) of the two groups was comparable at preoperatively, postoperatively, and 3 months postoperatively, but the combined group showed better maintenance of FH at 6 months postoperatively and last follow-up.

--The total CS (tCS) of the combined group was lower than that of the stand-alone group during the whole follow-up period.

--Multiple linear regression suggested that lower BMD was the risk factor for main CS, and PSRF could significantly reduce the BMD threshold for severe CS.

In summary, OLIF and PSRF can successfully prevent foraminal loss of height and prevent severe CS, which can be more suitable for osteoporosis or osteopenia patients and enhance clinical results.