Perioperative management of a bleeding jejunal tumor in a pa
Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a rare disorder caused by reduced ferrochelatase activity and shows incomplete autosomal dominant inheritance. Meticulous perioperative management can avoid characteristic complications. This report describes a case of a bleeding jejunal tumor in a patient with EPP.

A 49-year-old man with a history of EPP was admitted to our department with abdominal distention and severe anemia. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed an abdominal tumor measuring 5 cm, originating from the small bowel wall or mesentery. Tumor resection was planned after correction of anemia. Red blood cell transfusion restored his hemoglobin to acceptable levels; however, his liver function worsened. Institution of liver support therapy achieved gradual reduction in his elevated liver enzymes; however, hyperbilirubinemia persisted.

He underwent tumor resection on the 12th day of hospitalization. Yellow filters were used to avoid operating room light-induced tissue injury. The tumor was located in the jejunum 30 cm from the Treitz ligament toward the anal aspect. The histopathological diagnosis was desmoid-type fibromatosis of the jejunum. Postoperatively, his hemoglobin levels were stabilized; however, his serum bilirubin level remained high. His serum bilirubin level gradually decreased following hemin injections (150 mg/day).

Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports

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