Physical activity correlates with lower risk of cardiovascul
In a prospective cohort study, researchers examined 3,926 patients with CKD from the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study to determine the correlation of self-reported physical activity with risk for atherosclerotic composite (myocardial infarction, stroke or peripheral artery disease), incident heart failure, all-cause death and cardiovascular death. Among the 3,926 patients, 51% met physical activity guidelines. Of those who did not, 30% were inactive. A total of 772 atherosclerotic events, 848 heart failure events, 1,553 deaths and 420 CVD occurred during the follow-up. Analyses revealed that patients in the highest quartile had a lower risk for atherosclerotic events, incident heart failure and all-cause and CVD compared with those in the lowest quartile. These findings support that the well-established cardioprotective effects of physical activity in the general population also hold true for adults with CKD.