Pneumoperitoneum, pneumatosis intestinalis and portal venous
The gastrostomy is one of the most common procedures performed in general surgery. Although a simple procedure, it is not exempted from potential complications, specifically portal venous gas and intestinal pneumatosis being some of the ones with higher rates of mortality. The following case report presents a pneumoperitoneum due to extensive pneumatosis from esophageal, gastric, intestinal and portal gas. These rare complications were managed medically without undergoing emergency surgical intervention.

A 19-year-old male patient, with previous history of cerebral palsy, chronic malnutrition and severe physical deconditioning, required a nutritional access. Due to co-existing pathologies, an open gastrostomy was chosen as the best intervention, which was performed without complications. On the tenth postoperative day, patient presents abdominal pain and diarrhea; laboratory results were within normal limits, and the abdominal computed tomography scan reported extensive pneumatosis compromising esophagus, stomach, small intestine, part of the colon, pneumoperitoneum and gas in the portal venous system. Medical management was carried out with an adequate recovery.

Source: International Journal of Surgery case reports

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