Poor R-wave Progression Linked To Sudden Cardiac Death
Data and 12-lead ECGs were collected from a Finnish general population health examination survey conducted during 1978–1980 with follow-up until 2011. The study population consisted of 6854 subjects. Main end points were SCD, cardiac death, and all-cause mortality. PRWP was defined as R-wave amplitude 0.3 mV in lead V3 and R-wave amplitude in lead V2 R-wave amplitude in lead V3.

Poor R-wave progression (PRWP) occurred in 213 subjects (3.1%). During the follow-up period of 24.3 ± 10.4 years, 3723 subjects (54.3%) died. PRWP was associated with older age, higher prevalence of heart failure and CAD, and -blocker medication. In multivariate analyses, PRWP was associated with SCD (hazard ratio [HR] 2.13; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.34–3.39), cardiac death (HR 1.75; 95% CI 1.35–2.15), and all-cause mortality (HR 1.29; 95% CI 1.08–1.54). In the subgroup with CAD, PRWP had a stronger association with cardiac mortality (HR 1.71; 95% CI 1.19–2.46) than in the subgroup without CAD, while the association with SCD was significant only in the subgroup with CAD (HR 2.62; 95% CI 1.38–4.98).

PRWP was associated with adverse prognosis in the general population and with SCD in subjects with CAD.

Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1547527122001333