Potential of tailored amorphous multiporous calcium silicate
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The tailored amorphous multi-porous (TAMP) material fabrication technology has led to a new class of bioactive materials possessing versatile characteristics. TAMP calcium silicate is biocompatible with human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and also be helpful in regenerating dentin bridges.

30CaO-70SiO2 model TAMP discs were fabricated by a sol-gel method followed by in vitro biocompatibility testing with isolated human or mini-swine dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). TAMP scaffolds were tested in vivo as a pulp exposure (pin-point, 1 mm, 2 mm, and entire pulp chamber roof) capping material in the molar teeth of mini-swine.

The in vitro assays showed that DPSCs attached well onto the TAMP discs with comparable viability to those attached to culture plates. Pulp capping tests on mini-swine showed that after 4.5 months TAMP material was still present at the capping site, and mineral tissue (dentin bridge) had formed in all sizes of pulp exposure underneath the TAMP material.

TAMP calcium silicate is biocompatible with both human and swine DPSCs in vitro and with pulp in vivo, it may help regenerate the dentin bridge after pulp exposure.

Journal of Dentistry
Source: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2021.103655
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