Pregnant women with Covid-19 face higher risk of severe illn
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Pregnant women who contract the coronavirus are more likely to become critically ill and die and are at higher risk for premature delivery, two new reports from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) find.

Study 1: Increased risk for severe illness and death

• Researchers reviewed data on 461,825 women between the ages of 15 and 44 who tested positive for Covid-19 between January 22 and October 3.

• Pregnant women were more likely to need intensive care, with 10.5 per 1,000 pregnant women admitted to the ICU, compared to 3.9 per 1,000 women who aren't pregnant.

• Pregnant women were 3 times more likely to need help breathing with invasive ventilation than women who aren't pregnant. Similarly, they were at greater risk of requiring lung and heart support with oxygenation.

• They were also more likely to die, with 1.5 deaths per 1,000 pregnant women, compared to 1.2 per 1,000 women who aren't pregnant.

• Researchers said that the greater probability for severe illness among pregnant women might be due to physiological changes in pregnancy, including increased heart rate and decreased lung capacity.

Study 2: Risk of preterm delivery and infant infection

• A team studied pregnancy and infant outcomes for 4,442 women diagnosed with Covid-19 between March 29 and October 14.

• Among 3,912 live births, they found 12.9% were preterm. In comparison, preterm births accounted for 10.2% of live births among the general population in 2019.

• The CDC says that babies who are born too early are at increased risk of death and disability, including breathing, vision and hearing problems.

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