Pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome at risk of hea
A total of 71436308 weighted hospitalizations for deliveries were identified, of which 0.3% were among women with PCOS (n=195675). The prevalence of PCOS, and obesity among those with PCOS, increased during the study period. Women with PCOS were older (median, 31 versus 28 years; P<0.01) and had a higher prevalence of diabetes, obesity, and dyslipidemia. After adjustment for age, race and ethnicity, comorbidities, insurance, and income, PCOS remained an independent predictor of cardiovascular complications, including preeclampsia (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.56 [95% CI, 1.54–1.59]; P<0.01), eclampsia (adjusted OR, 1.58 [95% CI, 1.54–1.59]; P<0.01), peripartum cardiomyopathy (adjusted OR, 1.79 [95% CI, 1.49–2.13]; P<0.01), and heart failure (adjusted OR, 1.76 [95% CI, 1.27–2.45]; P<0.01), compared with no PCOS. Moreover, delivery hospitalizations among women with PCOS were associated with increased length (3 versus 2 days; P<0.01) and cost of hospitalization. Women with PCOS had a higher risk of preeclampsia/eclampsia, peripartum cardiomyopathy, and heart failure during delivery hospitalizations. Moreover, delivery hospitalizations among women with PCOS diagnosis were associated with increased length and cost of hospitalization. This signifies the importance of pre-pregnancy consultation and optimization for cardiometabolic health to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes.