Preterm babies more prone to neurological defects - Finding
Dr. Humera Roohi
Preterm babies more prone to neurological defects - Finding published in Scientific Reports
Preterm birth is defined as the birth of an infant prior to 37 weeks of pregnancy. In the United States, around 1 in every 10 infants born in 2015 were preterm.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a baby' s brain develops the fastest toward the end of pregnancy. Therefore, when a baby is born too early, their brain has not had time to fully flourish.

As such, preterm babies may be at greater risk of developmental disorders, including autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and cerebral palsy.

Study co-author Dustin Scheinost - of the Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging at Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, CT - and colleagues note that previous research has identified numerous alterations in brain circuitry that are present in preterm babies at, or just after, birth.

While the discovery of such alterations has provided important insight into the brain implications of preterm birth, the team points out that any brain changes that might occur prior to preterm birth remain unclear.

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