Prevalence of problematic feeding in young children born pre
Now open: Certificate Course in Management of Covid-19 by Govt. Of Gujarat and PlexusMDKnow more...Now open: Certificate Course in Management of Covid-19 by Govt. Of Gujarat and PlexusMDKnow more...
Difficulties related to eating are often reported in children born preterm. The objective of this study was to quantitatively synthesize available data on the prevalence of problematic feeding in children under 4?years of age who were born preterm.

To be included in the meta-analysis, the article had to report the prevalence of problematic oral feeding within a population of children born prematurely (less than?37?weeks gestation), and the child age at the time of study had to be between full-term corrected age and 48?months.

For studies meeting inclusion criteria, the following data were extracted: sample size and subsamples by gestational age and/or child age at time of study; definition of problematic feeding; measures used for assessment of feeding; gestational age at time of birth of sample; child age at time of study; exclusion criteria for the study; and prevalence of problematic feeding. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to estimate the prevalence of problematic feeding across all studies, by gestational age at birth, and by child age at time of study.

Results:
--There were 22 studies that met inclusion criteria.
--Overall prevalence of problematic feeding (N?=?4381) was 42%.
--Prevalence was neither significantly different across categories of gestational age nor by child age at the time of study. Few studies used psychometrically-sound assessments of feeding.

Finally, regardless of the degree of prematurity, problematic feeding is very common in prematurely born infants in their first four years of life. As a possible complication of preterm birth, healthcare providers of children born prematurely should consider screening for problematic feeding in early childhood.

Source: https://bmcpediatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12887-021-02574-7
Like
Comment
Share