Prevalence of signs of ocular surface disease in peri-and po
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Ocular surface disease (OSD) refers to a series of alterations of the ocular surface such as dry eye disease (DED), Sjögren's syndrome, meibomian gland dysfunction, or allergic processes. A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of ocular surface disease (OSD) symptoms and the possible existence of differences between peri- and postmenopausal women, based on the result of the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI).

The study was performed on a group of peri- and postmenopausal women aged between 45 and 79 years. The personal data in the survey included age, menopause status, age at menopause, prediagnosis of dry eye, undergoing dry eye treatment, and the OSDI questionnaire. A transversal observational study based on the results of an e-mail survey involving 1,947 women.

Sixty-four percent of the pre- and postmenopausal women studied had OSD symptoms. There was a correlation between OSD symptoms and age, postmenopause, and earlier age at menopause, which was associated with increased prevalence. The mean age of the entire sample was 54.2 ± 6.8 years, with a mean age at menopause of 49.45 ± 4.02 years. The global prevalence of OSD symptoms was 64%, which increased significantly in postmenopausal women, which is 66.8%. The probability of OSD symptoms prevalence increases with age. The greater the age at menopause, the lower the probability of OSD symptoms prevalence.

Source: https://journals.lww.com/menopausejournal/Fulltext/2020/09000/Prevalence_of_ocular_surface_disease_symptoms_in.6.aspx
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