Propionibacterium acnes as a cause of shoulder osteoarthriti
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This article reports a case of postoperative osteoarthritis infection caused by P. acnes after shoulder arthroscopy, and review possible preventive action. A right-handed 24-year-old man presented an anterior instability of the left shoulder. The patient underwent an anterior stabilizationby the latarjet procedure. Stabilization failed, requiring a second and third surgery. The patient returned 10 months later for suspected septic arthritis of his left shoulder. An arthroscopy lavage with bacteriological and anatomo-pathological sampling was carried out. The bacteriological results revealed a positive P. acnesculture. The patient was treated using antibiotherapy for 12 weeks with a combination of clindamicin and moxifloxacin. C-reactive protein (CRP) was negative two months after the onset of antibiotherapy.P. acnesis a anaerobic, non-sporulated, gram-positive bacillus. This commensal germ is part of the normal cutaneous flora and causes acne, but has also been recognized as a causative pathogen in osteoarticular infections since the 1990s, as described by Coden.Treatment is achieved via surgical debridement and intravenous antibiotics...

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