Rapidly progressive aortic stenosis treated with transcathet
Fabry disease (FD) is a rare lysosomal storage disease, caused by mutations in the gene encoding the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-Gal A). Cardiac involvement is one of the main causes of death and it is characterized by progressive concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), which in most cases is symmetric. Mild thickening of the left-sided valves is seen in as many as a quarter of patients. Severe aortic stenosis is an extremely rare disorder in FD.

In this report, authors describe the case of a 57-year-old male, who was diagnosed with a cardiac variant of FD 10 years ago. Since the patient had severe LVH, he was started on enzyme replacement therapy when he was 47 years old with an intravenous infusion of 0.2 mg/kg of agalsidase alpha every 14 days.

The patient remained stable and asymptomatic for 9 years, until he presented with dyspnoea in New York Heart Association functional class II–III and severe aortic stenosis (aortic valve area: 0.97 cm2) together with severe systolic dysfunction [ejection fraction (EF): 29%]. Because of the patient’s comorbidities and high surgical risk, he underwent successful transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). At 2 months following TAVI, the patient was asymptomatic and, in spite of his Fabry cardiomyopathy, the EF had increased to 45%.

To the knowledge, this is the first case in the literature to demonstrate a rapid progression of aortic stenosis with severe impairment of left ventricular function and worsening in functional class in a patient with FD, who following TAVI improved his EF, with disappearance of symptoms and ventricular arrhythmias.

Source: https://academic.oup.com/ehjcr/article/5/6/ytab124/6301260