Reading skills deficits in people with mental illness: A sys
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People with schizophrenia are likely to have severely impaired reading ability, a new study has shown. A systematic review by researchers found that those who have been diagnosed as having schizophrenia are likely to have difficulty recognizing, manipulating, and pronouncing individual sounds, and understanding written text.

Good reading skills are important for appropriate functioning in everyday life, scholastic performance, and acquiring a higher socioeconomic status. Investigators conducted the first systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify possible deficits in specific reading skills in people with a variety of mental illnesses, including personality disorders (PDs).

They performed a systematic search of multiple databases from inception until February 2020 and conducted random-effects meta-analyses.

The search yielded 34 studies with standardized assessments of reading skills in people with one or more mental illnesses. Of these, 19 studies provided data for the meta-analysis.

--Most studies were in people with schizophrenia and revealed large deficits in phonological processing, comprehension, and reading rate, relative to healthy controls; the single-word reading was less affected.

--A few studies in affective disorders and non-forensic PDs suggested weaker deficits. In forensic populations with PDs, there was evidence of marked phonological processing and comprehension deficits.

Overall, people with schizophrenia, and possibly forensic PD populations, demonstrate a range of reading skills deficits.

European Psychiatry
Source: https://doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.98
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